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Injury Prevention

INJURY PREVENTION

Sports Injury
Sports injuries can be described as injuries sustained during exercise, repetitive gests or acute trauma which can generally affect Bones, Muscles and Ligaments
Some sports injuries result as accidents but more often than not result in poor training practices , improper equipment, lack of conditioning , or insufficient warm ups or stretching.
It is common throughout European competitions that players can often have round robin games throughout the day which can often result in injuries due to lack of streching and warm ups before and after games.

Injury Prevention
The medical scientific and welfare committee in conjunction with a working group comprising of Dr Pat O Neill, Prof Niall Moyna, Dr Pat Duggan , Dr Kieran Moran , John C Murphy and Dr Catherine Blake have developed the Gaelic 15, a fifteen minute standardised warm up program aimed at reducing the number of injuries sustained by GAA players
The selected injury prevention intervention is based on programs incorporated internationally by FIFA( 11+) (FMARC) and by the Santa Monica orthopedic and sports medicine research (PEP) in soccer, the findings from the national injury data base since 2007 and a pilot of the program in UCD Dublin
The GAA 15 version 1 can be undertaken as a standardized warm up before training and Games.
Videos and further information can be obtained directly via the GAA website in Ireland
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/GAA-15-Warm-Up.pdf
http://learning.gaa.ie/node/268653

Nutrition also plays and important role in reducing sports injuries and shall be addressed in another post

Injury Treatment
Immediate treatment for acute soft tissue injuries is the PRICE Protocol
Most Strains and Sprains can be looked after by the First Aid officer or who should advice as appropriately , E.g. Consulting doctor, or local hospital in case of severe swelling and Pain

PRICE PROTOCOL

Protect the injured area as much as possible eg crutches ,
Is severe pain is expressed, avoid inappropriate movement and seek appropriate medical advice by a docter or ambulance
Rest
You should rest the injured area for at least 24h /48H.
If prescribed by a docter please ensure that you know how to use a sling, or crutches and follow guidelines advised by the medical team
Ice
Apply an Icepack as soon as the injury occurs , the First Aider should have this at their disposition

Compression
Wrap the affected area in an elasticated bandage, tightly but not such that circulation of the blood vessels are not compromised.

Elevation
To reduce swelling elevate the affected area above the level of the heart.
Further information is available regarding regular injuries sustained by Gaelic Football Players

http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/Groin%20Injury.pdf
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/Ankle%20Injury.pdf
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/PCL%20Injury.pdf
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/Patellar%20Tendon%20Rupture.pdf
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/Meniscal%20Injury.pdf
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/Collateral%20Ligament%20Injury.pdf

Concussion

Concussion is a brain injury and should be taken seriously. Do not let the player continue playing and seek medical advice immediately if a player presents with any abnormal symptoms such as black out, dizziness, memory loss, incoherence and behavioral changes.

The GAA provide guidelines on how to manage concussion injuries
http://learning.gaa.ie/sites/default/files/GAA%20Concussion%20Management%20Guidelines%202013-2016%20-%20Amended%20Jan%202015.pdf

Protective Equipment

Mouth Guards
From The 1st of January 20013 Mouth guards have to be worn from all grades and ages for men
And the LGFA have introduced mouth guards for ladies from Ist January 2017

Hurling and Camogie Helmets
All players must wear a helmets with a protective facial guard. This is mandatory
The Helmets must comply and meet the standards set out in IS 355 or other replacement standard as determined by the National Safety Authority of Ireland ( NSAI)